This is a brief excerpt from the document you requested from IFAR’s Art Law & Cultural Property Database.

Case Summary

Peru v. Johnson

Peru v. Johnson, 720 F. Supp. 810 (C.D. Cal. 1989); aff'd, 933 F.2d 1013 (9th Cir. 1991).



The Peruvian government brought an unsuccessful civil action to recover artifacts seized from Benjamin Johnson, a collector and conservator. David Swetnam, an art dealer from whom other works were seized, was convicted of a misdemeanor customs violation. A handful of works were returned to Peru from Swetnam’s collection.


Click here to subscribe to IFAR's Art Law & Cultural Property Database to access this and other documents about U.S. and international legislation and case law concerning the acquisition, authenticity, export, ownership, and copyright of art objects.