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Country Summary for BRUNEI DARUSSALAM

I.  Relevant Legislation
II.  Regulated Cultural Property



(a) any object movable or immovable or any part of the soil or of the bed of a river or lake or of the sea, which has been constructed, shaped, inscribed, erected, excavated or otherwise produced or modified by human agency at any date prior to or reasonably believed to be prior to 1st January 1894; and
(b) any part of any such object which has at any later date been added thereto or reconstructed or restored; and
(c) any human, plant or animal remains which date or may reasonably be believed to date from a period prior to 1st January 1894; and
(d) any ancient monument, provided that no object or remains—
(i) which has been imported into Brunei Darussalam on or after the commencement of this Act; or
(ii) to which no public interest of a local or national historic, traditional, artistic, archaeological or other scientific character is attached,
shall be deemed to be an antiquity for the purposes of this Act.

'Historical Object'—any artefact or other object to which religious, traditional, artistic or historic interest is attached and includes any:
(a) ethnographic material such as a household or agricultural implement, decorative article, personal ornament;
(b) work of art such as carving, sculpture, painting architecture, textile, musical instrument, weapon and any other handicraft;
(c) manuscript, coin, currency note, medal, badge, insignia, coat of arms, crest flag, arm and armour;
(d) vehicle, ship and boat, in part or in whole, whose production has ceased.
'Occupier'—includes the cultivator or person in actual possession, management or control of any land, and includes any person having the possession or control of any movable property.
'Treasure Trove’'—means any money, coin, gold, silver, plate, bullion, jewellery, precious stones or any object or article of value found hidden in, or in anything affixed to, the soil or the bed of a river of the sea, the owner of which is unknown or cannot be found, but shall not include any antiquity. (ATTA 1967, §2)

III.  Export Restrictions

IV.  Ownership Rights and Restrictions

V.  Violations, Penalties and Sanctions

VI.  International Conventions and Bilateral Agreements
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Country Contact
for Cultural Property

Ministry of Culture, Youth, and Sports
Bandar Seri Begawan BB 8110
Brunei Darussalam
Ph: 673-2-24-0585
F: 673-2-24-1620 x 23-7097

Dayang Nora binti Haji Abd Kadir
Senior Research Officer
Department of Museum
Brunei Museum
Jalan Kota Batu,
Bandar Seri Begawan BD1510
Brunei Darussalam
Ph: 643-2-24-4545 x 22-44546