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Country Summary for ESTONIA

I.  Relevant Legislation
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II.  Regulated Cultural Property

Definitions

“Monument”
—a movable or immovable, a part thereof, a body of things or an integral group of structures under state protection which is of historical, archaeological, ethnographic, urban developmental, architectural, artistic or scientific value or of value in terms of religious history or of other cultural value and due to which it is designated as a monument pursuant to the procedure provided for in this Act. Monuments may be classified as archaeological, architectural, artistic, industrial or historical monuments. (HCA 2002 §§2-3)
 
“Finding of Cultural Value”—a finding of cultural value is a movable found in the ground or on the surface of the ground, inside a construction, under water or in the sediment of a body of water, which is either a natural feature or has historical, archaeological, scientific, artistic or cultural value and which has no owner or the owner of which cannot be ascertained. (HCA 2002 §30(1))
 
A fine unit is the base amount of a fine and is equal to sixty kroons. (RT I 2001, 86, 504, §47(1))
 
Examples

Classes of Monuments:
The following things and bodies of things may be immovable monuments:
1) the sites of ancient, medieval and modern settlements, fortresses, refuges, places of worship, burial grounds, ancient fields, cup-marked stones, roads, bridges, harbor sites, underwater structures, and sites related to early industry;
2) civil, industrial, defense structures and sacred buildings, and their ensembles and complexes, which have artistic value or value in terms of cultural history;
3) structures reflecting the development of science, technology or production;
4) works of monumental art;
5) structures, memorials, cemeteries, sites (areas) and natural features of historical value;
6) underwater submerged watercrafts, aircrafts, and other vehicles, parts or bodies thereof together with the underneath bottom of water body and cargo or other content (HCA 2002 §3(2))
 
The following things and bodies of things may be movable monuments:
1) parts severed from immovable monuments;
2) archaeological findings, ethnographic and historical objects and collections thereof;
3) works of visual and applied art and collections thereof which have artistic value or value in terms of religious or cultural history;
4) machines and fixtures reflecting the development of science, technology or production. (HCA 2002 §3(3))
 
Registry

Information relating to monuments shall be entered in the national register of cultural monuments. (HCA 2002 §13(1))

III.  Export Restrictions
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IV.  Ownership Rights and Restrictions
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V.  Violations, Penalties and Sanctions
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VI.  International Conventions and Bilateral Agreements
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Country Contact
for Cultural Property
Mrs. Linda Lainvoo
Muinsuskaitseamet (Estonian National Heritage Board)
Uus 18
Tallinn 10111 linda.lainvoo@muinas.ee
www.muinas.ee
Ph: +372 6 40 30 18

Mrs. Merike Peterson
Muinsuskaitseamet (Estonian National Heritage Board)
Uus 18
Tallinn 10111 merike.peterson@muinas.ee
www.muinas.ee
Ph: +372 6 40 30 38