This is a brief excerpt from the document you requested from IFAR’s Art Law & Cultural Property Database.

Country Summary for FRANCE

I.  Relevant Legislation
II.  Regulated Cultural Property


Property belonging to public collections and French Museums, property designated in accordance with provisions pertaining to historic monuments and archives as well as other properties which are of major interest to the national heritage from the point of view of history, art or archaeology shall be considered to be national treasures. (NHC, Art. L111-1)

Sites, wrecks, remains or in general any property which represents a prehistoric or historic interest, is situated in the maritime public domain or at the bottom of the sea in the adjacent area shall constitute maritime cultural property. (NHC, Art. L532-1)


Movable objects that are either actually  movable or immovable in purpose and whose conservation represents a public interest from the point of view of history, art, science or technology, may be listed under historic monuments upon decision of the administrative authorities. (NHC - Art. L622-1)

III.  Export Restrictions

IV.  Ownership Rights and Restrictions

V.  Violations, Penalties and Sanctions

VI.  International Conventions and Bilateral Agreements
Click here to subscribe to IFAR's Art Law & Cultural Property Database to access this and other documents about U.S. and international legislation and case law concerning the acquisition, authenticity, export, ownership, and copyright of art objects.
Country Contact
for Cultural Property
Direction des archives
60, rue Francs Bourgeois
75001 Paris, France Ph: 33-1 40 27 60 00; 33-1 40 27 67 19

Jean-Paul Mercier-Baudrier
Bureau du mouvement des oeuvres et de l’inventaire
Direction Des Musees De France
6, rue des Pyramides
75041 Paris cedex 01
Ph: 33-1 40 15 80 00