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Country Summary for NORWAY
I. Relevant Legislation
II. Regulated Cultural Property
Monuments and sites which are automatically protected:
The following monuments and sites earlier than AD 1537 are automatically protected:
a. settlement sites, caves, natural rock shelters with evidence that people have lived or worked there, sites of dwellings or churches, churches, houses and structures of all kinds, and remains or parts of these, artificial mounds marking ancient farming settlements, farms, homesteads, courtyard sites or any other groups of structures, such as market sites and trading places, town sites and the like or remains of these.
b. sites and remains of workshops and other places of work of all kinds, such as quarries and other mining sites, iron extraction sites, charcoal burning and tarmaking sites, and other traces of crafts or industry.
c. traces of land cultivation of any kind, such as clearance cairns, ditches and plough furrows, fences and enclosures, and hunting, fishing and trapping devices.
d. road and tracks of any kind, whether unpaved or paved with stone, wood or other material, dams and weirs, ridges, fords, harbor installations and crew-change stations, landing places and slipways, ferry berths and portages or their remains, obstructions in fairways, road markers and navigation markers.
e. defences of any kind such as hill-forts, entrenchments, ramparts, moats, fortifications and remains of these and beacons, cairns, etc.
f. thingsteads, cult sites, cult deposition sites and cairns, wells, springs and other places associated with archaeological finds, traditions, beliefs, legends or customs.
g. stones and outcrops with inscriptions or images such as runic inscriptions, rock carvings and rock paintings, cup-marks, grooves and other rock art.
h. standing stones, crosses and similar monuments.
i. stone settings, stone paving, etc.
j. burials of any kind, singly or in groups, such as burial mounds, burial cairns, burial chambers, cremation burials, urn burials, coffin burials, churchyards and their enclosures and sepulchral monuments of all kinds.
The same applies to Sami monuments and sites of the kinds described above that are over 200 years old. ….
(CHA § 4).
a. cultural object:
- an object which is classified, before or after its unlawful removal from the territory of a State, among the national treasures possessing artistic, historic or archaeological value under national legislation in accordance with Article 36 of the Treaty of Rome, and
- which belongs to one of the categories listed in section 2 of …[the PAECO regulations] or does not belong to one of these categories but forms an integral part of
- the inventories of ecclesiastical institutions, or
- public collections listed in the inventories of museums, archives or libraries’ conservation collections….(Public collections means collections which are the property of a State within the European Economic Area or of a State that is a party to the Unidroit Convention….)
b. unlawfully removed from the territory of a State within the European Economic Area (EEA) or a State that is a Contracting Party to the Unidroit Convention of 24 June 1995
-removed from the territory of a State in breach of its rules on the protection of national treasures, or
-not returned at the end of a period of lawful temporary removal or any breach of another condition governing such temporary removal, or
-stolen from a State that is a Contracting Party to the Unidroit Convention of 24 June 1995.
(PAECO § 1 portions).
The competent authority shall ensure that all structures that are automatically protected under Section 4…are officially registered as protected property. (CHA § 5)
III. Export Restrictions
IV. Ownership Rights and Restrictions
V. Violations, Penalties and Sanctions
VI. International Conventions and Bilateral Agreements
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