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Country Summary for PAKISTAN

I.  Relevant Legislation
II.  Regulated Cultural Property


“Ancient” in relation to an antiquity, means an antiquity which has been in existence for a period of not less than 75 years. (Antiquities Act, § 2(b))

“Antiquity” means:
(i) any ancient product of human activity, movable or immovable, illustrative of art, architecture, craft, custom, literature, morals, politics, religion, warfare or science or of any aspect of civilization or culture.
(ii) any ancient object or site of historical, ethnographical, anthropological, military or scientific interest;
(iii) any national monument; and
(iv) any other object or class of such objects declared by the Federal Government, by notification in the official Gazette, to be an antiquity for the purposes of this Act. (Antiquities Act, § 2(c))

“Director General” means the Director General of Archaeology. (Antiquities Act, § 2(d))

“Export” means taking out of Pakistan by land, sea or air. (Antiquities Act, § 2(f))

Whoever discovers, or finds accidentally, any movable antiquity shall inform the Director General within seven days of its being discovered or found. (Antiquities Act, § 5A(1))

Every dealer in antiquities shall maintain a register in such manner and form as the Director General may prescribe from time to time. (Antiquities Act, § 25(1))


III.  Export Restrictions

IV.  Ownership Rights and Restrictions

V.  Violations, Penalties and Sanctions

VI.  International Conventions and Bilateral Agreements
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Country Contact
for Cultural Property
Department of Archaeology & Museums
27A Al Asif Building
Shaheed-e-Millat Road

National Fund for Cultural Heritage
Ministry of Culture
11th Floor, Green Tower, Blue Area, F- 6/3,
Islamabad Pakistan 92 51-9206127