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Country Summary for SLOVENIA

I.  Relevant Legislation
II.  Regulated Cultural Property

“Heritage” means resources inherited from the past which Slovenes, members of the Italian and Hungarian ethnic communities, and of the Romani community, as well as other nationals of the Republic of Slovenia, determine to reflect and express their values, identities, religious and other beliefs, knowledge, and traditions. The concept of Heritage shall be taken to include those features of the environment which have been shaped over time by the interaction between people and place. There are two categories of Heritage: Tangible Heritage (which includes movable and immovable heritage) and Living Heritage (intangible properties such as expression, knowledge, and cultural space). Professionally identified and registered Archaeological Remains shall be Heritage. (CHPA §§ 1(2)-(3) & 3(1)(3), (47)).


“Monument” means Heritage that is statutorily protected or that is entered into the inventory of an authorized museum. CHPA § 3(1)(16)).


“National Treasure” means an object subject to limited transfer or export from the Republic of Slovenia that:

-         is a State cultural Monument or a local cultural Monument;

-         is an archaeological object more than 100 years old that is the product of land or underwater excavations and finds, or of archaeological sites or archaeological collections;

-         is an integral part of an artistic, historical, or religious Monument that has been dismembered, and is more than 100 years old;

-         is listed as part of a collection or equipment of ecclesiastical institutions; or

-         has a cultural value for the Republic of Slovenia due to its historic, artistic, scientific, or general human importance. (Return Act § 4(1); CHPA §§ 3(1)(18) & 10(1)).

“Archaeological Find” means:

-         a movable Archaeological Remain that has been under the soil or water for at least 100 years; or

-arms, munitions, other military material, military vehicles, and vessels or their parts that have been under the soil or water for at least 50 years. (CHPA § 3(1)(2)).

“Archaeological Remains” means:

-          items connected with burial sites;

-          items pertaining to war that have been under the soil or water for at least 50 years; and

-          all items having properties of Heritage that are evidence of human activity over different historical periods, the conservation and study of which enhances existing knowledge of the historical development of humankind and its connection with the natural environment, and which may be assumed to have been under the soil or water for at least 100 years. (CHPA § 3(1)(3)).


III.  Export Restrictions

IV.  Ownership Rights and Restrictions

V.  Violations, Penalties and Sanctions

VI.  International Conventions and Bilateral Agreements
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Country Contact
for Cultural Property
Marija Brus
Ministry of Education, Science, Culture and Sport of The Republic of Slovenia
Directorate of Cultural Heritage
Maistrova 10
SI-1000 Ljubljana
+386 1 369 59 17
+386 1 369 59 02