This is a brief excerpt from the document you requested from IFAR’s Art Law & Cultural Property Database.

Country Summary for VIET NAM

I.  Relevant Legislation
II.  Regulated Cultural Property

Cultural heritage as regulated under this Law includes both intangible and tangible cultural heritage. It comprises intellectual and material products with historical, cultural and scientific value that are passed on from generation to generation in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. (LCH – Art. 1)
This law applies to Vietnamese organizations and individuals and to foreign and overseas Vietnamese organizations and individuals with activities in Vietnam [unless otherwise provided in an international convention]…. (LCH – Art. 3)
1. Intangible cultural heritage consists of products with historical, cultural or scientific value, that have been preserved by memory, writing, passed down thorough oral tradition, teaching, performance and all other means and forms. It includes language, writing, works of literature, art, science, oral tradition, folklore, ways of life lifestyles, festivals, secrets of traditional handicrafts, knowledge of traditional medicine, cuisine, ethnic costumes and other forms of traditional knowledge.
2. Tangible cultural heritage consists of material products with historical, cultural or scientific value, including historical-cultural sites, scenic landscapes, relics, antiquities and national treasures….
(LCH – Art. 4)
1. All relics, antiquities and national treasures found in the process of archaeological surveys or excavations, or discovered by organizations or individuals, must be submitted to the provincial-level museum of the place of discovery for temporary storage. The provincial-level museum has the obligation to receive and process the submission and make a report to the Ministry of Culture and Information….. (LCH – Art. 41)
2. The Director of Culture and Information shall be responsible for the reception of relics, antiquities and national treasures and for the temporary storage in the preservation area of the museum in the province where the relics, antiquities or national treasures are discovered as provided for in Item 1, Article 41 of the [LCH].  (The Regs. – Article 21.2)

III.  Export Restrictions

IV.  Ownership Rights and Restrictions

V.  Violations, Penalties and Sanctions

VI.  International Conventions and Bilateral Agreements
Click here to subscribe to IFAR's Art Law & Cultural Property Database to access this and other documents about U.S. and international legislation and case law concerning the acquisition, authenticity, export, ownership, and copyright of art objects.
Country Contact
for Cultural Property
Mr. Nguyen Van Tinh
Deputy Director General
International Cooperation Department
Ministry of Culture and Information
51-53 Ngo Quyen St.
Hanoi, Viet Nam

Tel. +84 4 9439513
Fax. +84 4 9437101