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Country Summary for THAILAND

I.  Relevant Legislation
II.  Regulated Cultural Property


"ancient monument" means an immovable property which, by its age or architectural characteristics or historical evidence, is useful in the field of art, history or archaeology and shall include places which are archaeological sites, historic sites and historic parks;

"antique" means an archaic movable property, whether produced by man or by nature, or being any part of ancient monument or of human skeleton or animal carcass which, by its age or characteristics of production or historical evidence, is useful in the field of art, history or archaeology;

"objects of art" means a thing skillfully produced by craftsmanship which is high valuable in the field of art;

"duplicate antique" means a thing which is a duplicate of an antique or a particular part of an antique registered under this Act or which is in the possession of the Department of Fine Arts;

"competent official" means the person appointed by the Minister for the execution of this Act;

"Director-General" means the Director-General of the Department of Fine Arts;

"Minister" means the Minister having charge and control of the execution of this Act.
(1961 Act, § 4)


For Immovable Property
The Director-General shall … have the power to cause, by means of notification in the Government Gazette, any ancient monument … to be registered, and to determine such area of land as he thinks fit to be its compound …. [This] area shall also be considered [an] ancient monument. (1961 Act, § 7)

All ancient monuments listed and published in the Government Gazette by the Director-General under the law on ancient monuments, objects of art, antiques and national museums before the day of the coming into force of this Act shall also be taken as registered ancient monuments under this Act. (1961 Act, § 8)

III.  Export Restrictions

IV.  Ownership Rights and Restrictions

V.  Violations, Penalties and Sanctions

VI.  International Conventions and Bilateral Agreements
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Country Contact
for Cultural Property
Office of the Secretary
The Fine Arts Department
Ministry of Education
Thanon Na Phra That
Bangkok 10200