This is a brief excerpt from the document you requested from IFAR’s Art Law & Cultural Property Database.

Country Summary for PHILIPPINES

I.  Relevant Legislation
II.  Regulated Cultural Property


"Antique" shall refer to a cultural property found locally which is one hundred (100) years in age, more or less, the production of which has ceased. (2009 NCHA, Art. 3, §3(c))

"Collector" shall refer to any person who or institution that acquires cultural property for purposes other than sale. (2009 NCHA, Art. 3, §3(g))

"Cultural property" shall refer to all products of human creativity by which a people and a nation reveal their identity, including churches, mosques and other places of religious worship, schools and natural history specimens and sites, whether public or privately-owned, movable or immovable, and tangible or intangible. (2009 NCHA, Art. 3, §3(o))

The Cultural Property of the country shall be categorized as follows:
(a) National Cultural Treasures;
(b) Important Cultural Property;
(c) World Heritage Sites;
(d) National Historical Shrine;
(e) National Historical Monument; and,
(f) National Historical Landmark;
(NCHA, Art. 3, §4)



All cultural properties of the country deemed important to cultural heritage shall be registered in the Philippine Registry of Cultural Property. (2009 NCHA, Art. 5, §14)

Private collectors and owners of cultural property shall register such properties within three (3) years from the effectivity of this Act. The private collectors and owners of cultural property shall not be divested of their possession and ownership thereof even after registration of said property as herein required. (2009 NCHA, Art. 5, §14(e))


III.  Export Restrictions

IV.  Ownership Rights and Restrictions

V.  Violations, Penalties and Sanctions

VI.  International Conventions and Bilateral Agreements
Click here to subscribe to IFAR's Art Law & Cultural Property Database to access this and other documents about U.S. and international legislation and case law concerning the acquisition, authenticity, export, ownership, and copyright of art objects.
Country Contact
for Cultural Property
National Museum of the Philippines
Cultural Properties Division
P. Burgos Ave., City of Manila, Philippines