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I.  Relevant Legislation
II.  Regulated Cultural Property


“Cultural heritage,” within the meaning of this Law, shall include the material and immaterial goods which, as an expression or testimony of the human creation in the past and in present or as common works of human and nature, due to their archaeological, ethnological, historical, artistic, architectonic, urban, ambiental, technical, sociological and other scientific or cultural values, characteristics, contents or functions, have cultural and historical significance and due to their protection and use are settled under legal regime according to this and other Law. (LPCH, Art. 2)

"Restitution" shall mean the returning of the movable goods of cultural and historical significance to the country of origin, i.e. to the country they belong to, or from which territory they have been seized by force. (LPCH, Art. 11)

"Antique" ("ancient artifact") shall mean the item with an artistic, historical, scientific, cultural and other similar value, at least hundred years old or less if it presents or becomes rare if it is no longer produced or created. (LPCH, Art. 11)

"Collection" shall mean a group of cognate or various items which, regardless of the individual characteristics and single purpose of each item separately, due to the specific characteristics of connection, as an entirety possess specific cultural, historical, artistic, scientific or other similarity, function or meaning and could be identified as an independent object of protection. (LPCH, Art. 11)

"Collector" shall mean the person who shall, on a non-professional basis and for personal needs, carry out the collecting of items of cultural, historical, artistic, scientific and other similar significance, which create one or more reasonable entireties of them with a status of a collection. (LPCH, Art. 11)

“National treasure” within the meaning of this law, the ratified international agreements and the regulations of the European Union, refers to goods that belong to some of the types of movable cultural heritage from articles 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22 and 23 of this law. (2007 Amendments, Art. 5)


Cultural heritage shall be registered in the National registry of cultural heritage (hereinafter: Registry). (LPCH, Art. 43, Para. 1)

The Registry means the public book and includes the main book and additional registries. (LPCH, Art. 43, Para. 2)

III.  Export Restrictions

IV.  Ownership Rights and Restrictions

V.  Violations, Penalties and Sanctions

VI.  International Conventions and Bilateral Agreements
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Country Contact
for Cultural Property
Republic of Macedonia
Ministry of Culture
Cultural Heritage Protection Office
Gjuro Gjakovic 61
Republic of Macedonia
Tel: + 389 2 3289 700
Fax: + 389 2 3289 777