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Country Summary for ROMANIA

I.  Relevant Legislation
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II.  Regulated Cultural Property


Definitions


“National Cultural Heritage”

-Goods of an exceptional historical, archaeological, documentary, ethnological, artistic, scientific, technical, literary, cinematographic, numismatic, philatelic, heraldic, bibliographic, cartographic or epigraphic value, and which provide evidence for the evolution of the natural environment and the relation of humans with it. (Law No. 182 of 2000, Art. 1.2 (a))
-Cultural Goods that belong to public collections that appear in the inventory of museums, archives and libraries. (Law No. 182, Art. 1.2 (b))
-Cultural goods that are included in the inventory of religious cults and of ecclesiastical institutions. (Law No. 182, Art. 1.2 (c))


“Historical Monuments”

Immovable monuments, buildings and lands situated on the Romanian territory significant for the national and universal history, culture and civilization. Immovable objects situated outside the Romanian borders but belonging to the Romanian State may be classified as historical monuments, in compliance with the legislation of the state on whose territory they are. (Law No. 422, Art. 1.2 and 1.3)

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Registry


Movable Cultural Objects:

Official classification shall be made for movable cultural objects:
-belonging to the State or to the territorial-administrative entities by the public institutions
-belonging to religious cults
-subject to public sale through auction or through an authorized agent
-for which temporary or permanent export is solicited
-accidentally discovered or in the context of a systematic research
-confiscated by the State
-subject to attempts of illegal export
-taken illegally out of Romania
-in the custody of public institutions
(Law No. 182, Art. 11)

Official classification shall be made for privately owned movable cultural objects upon proposal by their owner. (Law No. 182, Art. 11)

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III.  Export Restrictions
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IV.  Ownership Rights and Restrictions
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V.  Violations, Penalties and Sanctions
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VI.  International Conventions and Bilateral Agreements
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Country Contact
for Cultural Property
Oficiul national pentru Protejarea patrimoniului (National Office for the Protection of Heritage)
Piata presei Libere Nr. 1
13411 Bucharest
Romania mconpp@fx.ro
40 1 222 8544 or 40 1 336 8386
40 1 336 5069

Ministry of Culture and Denominations
Piata Presei Libere Nr. 1, Sector 1
Bucharest
Romania mc-ministru@cultura.ro
40 21 224 2510
40 21 223 4951