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Country Summary for NEPAL

I.  Relevant Legislation
II.  Regulated Cultural Property
Ancient Monument:
     -Any temple, building, monument, house, abbey, cupola, monastery, stupa, bihar, etc. which is important from the point of view of history, the arts, science, architecture, or masonry including sites of monuments, human settlements and remnants thereof
    -Any statue, image, prison, cave, object made of stone, metal, wood, ivory, etc., objet d'art, rest-house, copper and stone inscriptions, palm and birch lead documents and other pillars of historical, archaeological, or artistic importance (AMPA Section 2(a))

Archaeological Object:
Any movable or immovable property made and used in the pre-historical period, including: handwritten manuscripts, inscriptions, petrography, paper, coins, houses where historical events occurred or where historically significant people lived, idols, temples, statues, things used in royal palaces, replicas of animals, any property that depicts the history of any country, and objects prescribed as such by His Majesty’s Government (“the Government”) by notification in the Nepal Gazette (AMPA Section 2(b))

Chief Archaeology Officer:
The Director General of the Department of Archaeology (AMPA Section 2(e))
A modern object relating to handicrafts not exceeding one hundred years of age (AMPA Section 2(c))

Preserved Monument Area:
Any place or area where an ancient monument is situated which has been declared preserved (AMPA Section 2(d))

Any individual or institution owning an archaeological object more than 100 years old shall register the object with the Government; failure to do so may result in a fine or confiscation of such objects. (AMPA Section 13(2) and 13(2A))

Any individual engaged in the production or sale of curios must obtain a license by registering with the Government; each curio produced shall include a seal of approval by the Government indicating the vendor’s name. (AMPA Section 13(3)


III.  Export Restrictions

IV.  Ownership Rights and Restrictions

V.  Violations, Penalties and Sanctions

VI.  International Conventions and Bilateral Agreements
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Country Contact
for Cultural Property
Department of Archaeology
Ministry of Culture, Tourism & Civil Aviation
977 1- 44250683
977 1- 4262856