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Country Summary for MALAYSIA

I.  Relevant Legislation
II.  Regulated Cultural Property
Definitions (all taken from NHA, Art. 2)

“Antiquity” means—

(a) any movable object that is or is reasonably believed to be at least fifty years old;

(b) any part of any such object which has at any later date been added or re-constructed or restored; and

(c) any human, plant or animal remains that is or are reasonably believed to be at least one hundred years old.


“Heritage Item” means any National Heritage, heritage site, heritage object, or underwater cultural heritage listed in the Register.


“Foreign Heritage Item” means any item designated and protected as such by a legislation of a foreign country, which is a party to a treaty on the protection of cultural object or material.


“Register” means the National Heritage Register.


“Treasure Trove” means any money, coin, gold, silver, plate, bullion jewelry, precious stone, or any object or article of value found hidden in, or in anything affixed to, the soil or the bed of a river or lake or of the sea, the owner of which is unknown or cannot be found. It does not include any tangible cultural heritage.


“Council” means the National Heritage Council.


“Minister” means the Minister charged with the responsibility for heritage.


“Monument” means architectural works, works of monumental sculpture and painting, elements or structures of an archaeological nature, inscriptions, cave dwellings, and combinations of features that are of outstanding universal value from the point of view of history, art, or science.


“Object” includes any movable antiquity, tangible cultural heritage, intangible cultural heritage, and historical object excluding treasure trove.


“Historical Object” means any artifact or other object to which religious, traditional, artistic or historic interest is attached and includes any—

(a) ethnographic material such as a household or agricultural implement, decorative article, or personal ornament;

(b) work of art such as a carving, sculpture, painting, architecture, textile, musical instrument, weapon and any other handicraft;

(c) manuscript, coin, currency note, medal, badge, insignia, coat of arm, crest flag, arm or armor; or

(d) vehicle, ship and boat, in part or in whole, whose production has ceased.


“Heritage Object” means an object declared under this Act as such.

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III.  Export Restrictions

IV.  Ownership Rights and Restrictions

V.  Violations, Penalties and Sanctions

VI.  International Conventions and Bilateral Agreements
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Country Contact
for Cultural Property
Ministry of Tourism and Culture Malaysia
No. 2, Tower 1, Jalan
Presint 5, 62200
Ph: 03-8000-8000
Fax: 03-8891-7100