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Foreign Relations, Restatement 3d of Foreign Relations §§ 443-444, Act of State Doctrine




See text of Restatement sections below. See also, Underhill v. Hernandez, 168 U.S. 250, 252 (1897), which has the classic statement of the Act of State Doctrine: “Every sovereign state is bound to respect the independence of every other sovereign state, and the courts of one country will not sit in judgment on the acts of the government of another, done within its own territory. Redress of grievances by reason of such acts must be obtained through the means open to be availed of by sovereign powers as between themselves.”

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