Federal Trade Commission Act, 15 U.S.C. § 45 (2007)
The Federal Trade Commission Act, 15 USC § 45, makes unfair methods of competition illegal. These include unfair and deceptive acts or practices affecting commerce. Section (m) allows the FTC to bring civil action against violators. The FTC can ask for injunctions and penalties for violating injunctions. Section (n) says the FTC has no authority under this section unless consumers are substantially harmed and the harm is not reasonably avoidable. Only the FTC is allowed to bring suit under this Act.