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Bolivia-US Memorandum of Understanding


Memorandum of Understanding Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Bolivia Concerning the Imposition of Import Restrictions on Archaeological Material from the Pre-Columbian Cultures and Certain Ethnological Material from the Colonial and Republican Periods of Bolivia  

66 Fed. Reg. 63490 (Dec. 7, 2011).


The Memorandum of Understanding replaced and expanded upon the Emergency Action: Import Restrictions on Cultural Textile Artifacts from Bolivia, which went into effect on 14 March 1989 and expired on 11 September 1996. The 2006 MOU restricts Pre-Colombian archaeological materials include objects comprised of textiles, ceramics, metals, featherwork and stone, and range in date from approximately 10,000 B.C. to A.D. 1532.  Restricted Colonial and Republican ethnological materials include objects of indigenous manufacture and ritual; and objects used for religious and ritual ceremonies; ranging in date from approximately A.D. 1533 to 1900.

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