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Archaeological Resources Protection Act of 1979 ("ARPA"), as amended in 1988 and 1994


16 U.S.C. §§ 470aa-470mm


Section § 470ee of the Archaeological Resource Protection Act of 1979 prohibits the unauthorized excavation, destruction or trafficking of archaeological resources located on public lands or Indian lands.  Subsection (d) states the applicable penalties for violations.

The purpose of this chapter is to secure, for the present and future benefit of the American people, the protection of archaeological resources and sites which are on public lands and Indian lands, and to foster increased cooperation and exchange of information between governmental authorities, the professional archaeological community, and private individuals having collections of archaeological resources and data which were obtained before October 31, 1979.
(ARPA § 470aa(b))

1) Findings and Purpose (16 U.S.C. § 470aa)
2) Definitions (16 U.S.C. § 470bb)
3) Prohibited Acts and Criminal Penalties (16 U.S.C. § 470ee)
4) Civil penalties (16 U.S.C. § 470ff)

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